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Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

Citizenship - Embassy of Finland, Tallinn : Services : Citizenship


Kohtu 4
15180 Tallinn, Estonia
Tel. +372-6103 200
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The New Nationality Act came into force on 1 June 2003. The most important change was that dual (multiple) citizenship became acceptable.

More nationality information is available at the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.

Customer Service

Finland's Embassy, Tallinn

Embassy of Finland
Kohtu 4, 15180 Tallinn. Estonia
Tel. +372-6103 200
Fax +372-6103 281

Customer Service:
Pikk jalg 14
Tel. +372-6103 200
The Concular Section (Pikk jalg 14) is open Monday and Friday at 09.00-12.00, Tuesday – Thursday  9.00-12.00 and 13.00-15.00.

Multiple nationality

Finnish legislation accepts dual or multiple nationality. A Finn who acquires a foreign nationality will not lose his/her Finnish nationality, nor will a foreigner who acquires Finnish nationality be obliged to renounce his/her current nationality.

It should be noted, however, that the nationality legislation of the country in question does not necessarily accept multiple nationality. For instance, multiple nationality is not permitted by Estonia and acceptance of citizenship of another state entails the loss of Estonian citizenship. Only a person who has had Estonian citizenship from birth can have multiple nationality.

Citizenship on the basis of birth

A child acquires Finnish citizenship at birth if

  • the child's mother is a Finnish citizen
  • the child's father is a Finnish citizen and the parents are married
  • the child's father is a Finnish citizen, the child is born out of wedlock, and paternity is established
  • the child's father who died before the child was born was a Finnish citizen and who was married to the child's mother at the time of his death
  • the child's father, who died before the birth of the child, was a Finnish citizen and the child was born in Finland out of wedlock and the father's paternity was established.

A child also acquires Finnish citizenship based on the place of birth if the child is born in Finland and cannot acquire any other citizenship.

Retaining Finnish Citizenship at the age of 22

Citizenship requires genuine and sufficiently close ties between the individual and the State. If no such ties exist, there may be no point in retaining your citizenship. You will lose your Finnish citizenship automatically when you turn 22 if:

  • you also have citizenship of another country and
  • your ties with Finland have not been sufficiently close

If you lose your Finnish citizenship automatically, any children you may have at the time will not lose their Finnish citizenship at the same time.

You may retain your Finnish citizenship on the basis of sufficiently close ties with Finland, which may be any of the following:

  • you were born in Finland and are domiciled in Finland when you turn 22, or
  • you have lived in Finland or another Nordic country (Denmark, Iceland, Norway or Sweden) for a total of seven years before your 22 nd birthday, or
  • you were issued a Finnish passport when you were 18-21 years old, or
  • you have done your military or non-military service in Finland when you were 18-21 years old, or
  • you have submitted a declaration at the age of 18-21 to a Finnish diplomatic mission abroad (except honorary consulates) or a local register office in Finland that you wish to retain your Finnish citizenship. This is a free-form declaration and may be submitted in person or sent by post.

Military service and multiple nationality

Foreign citizens who have gained Finnish citizenship and who have carried out the compulsory peacetime military service of his/her former home country, or a portion of if (at least six (6) months) can upon application be exempted from military service in peacetime. The decision on exemption is made by the Defence Staff. 

Along the same lines, a Finnish citizen who also has the citizenship of another country and whose domicile proper is not in Finland can upon decision by the Defence Staff be exempted from military service in peacetime.

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Updated 12/23/2008

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