The New Nationality Act came into force on 1 June 2003. The most important change was that dual (multiple) citizenship became acceptable.
More nationality information is available at the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.
Finland's Embassy, Tallinn
Embassy of Finland
Kohtu 4, 15180 Tallinn. Estonia
Tel. +372-6103 200
Fax +372-6103 281
Pikk jalg 14
Tel. +372-6103 200
The Concular Section (Pikk jalg 14) is open Monday and Friday at 09.00-12.00, Tuesday – Thursday 9.00-12.00 and 13.00-15.00.
Finnish legislation accepts dual or multiple nationality. A Finn who acquires a foreign nationality will not lose his/her Finnish nationality, nor will a foreigner who acquires Finnish nationality be obliged to renounce his/her current nationality.
It should be noted, however, that the nationality legislation of the country in question does not necessarily accept multiple nationality. For instance, multiple nationality is not permitted by Estonia and acceptance of citizenship of another state entails the loss of Estonian citizenship. Only a person who has had Estonian citizenship from birth can have multiple nationality.
A child acquires Finnish citizenship at birth if
A child also acquires Finnish citizenship based on the place of birth if the child is born in Finland and cannot acquire any other citizenship.
Citizenship requires genuine and sufficiently close ties between the individual and the State. If no such ties exist, there may be no point in retaining your citizenship. You will lose your Finnish citizenship automatically when you turn 22 if:
If you lose your Finnish citizenship automatically, any children you may have at the time will not lose their Finnish citizenship at the same time.
You may retain your Finnish citizenship on the basis of sufficiently close ties with Finland, which may be any of the following:
Foreign citizens who have gained Finnish citizenship and who have carried out the compulsory peacetime military service of his/her former home country, or a portion of if (at least six (6) months) can upon application be exempted from military service in peacetime. The decision on exemption is made by the Defence Staff.
Along the same lines, a Finnish citizen who also has the citizenship of another country and whose domicile proper is not in Finland can upon decision by the Defence Staff be exempted from military service in peacetime.